We do not know whether the creators of the mausoleum of Mao Tse-tung read Pushkin. But the great Chinese leader is really in the crystal coffin, and the memorial complex in the center of Tiananmen Square in Beijing really resembles a mountain. But there are no chains there.
How to get there
From anywhere in Beijing to Tiananmen Square, the easiest way is to get to Beijing's subway station . Near the square are just two stations Tiananmen East and Tiananmen West - choose any. The area you do not confuse with anything, and the mausoleum is in the center.
Attention! Working hours
Please note that the mausoleum is open to visitors only from 8am to 12pm, and on Monday it is generally closed. Consider this when planning your excursions in Beijing .
In such a short time of inspection there is nothing surprising. Preserving the body requires constant procedures that take a lot of time. We can say that Chairman Mao is busy all the rest of the time.
Two days a year the mausoleum works on a special schedule - this is December 26 (the birthday of Mao Zedong) and September 9 (the day of his death). These days there are too many visitors, and we generally do not recommend tourists to try to get into the mausoleum.
The price of entry and the rules of visiting the mausoleum
View on Mao Zedong can be completely free.
Inside the mausoleum, you can not carry bags, video cameras, cameras, food and drinks. Also you can not be in the mausoleum in the headdress. Things can be left in the storage room across the road, for which you have to pay 20 yuan . If you do not want to pay, then just leave one person with things outside, surely someone Chairman Mao will not be interesting.
The entrance is on the north side, that is, from the side of the Forbidden City . Focus on a large column (pictured left), it is located directly in front of the mausoleum. If you arrive by subway, then you will get to the entrance. Exit, respectively, on the south side. Prepare for the queues, since there are a lot of people willing to look at the leader.
A little bit about the history of this place
Mao Zedong himself did not want to be placed in the mausoleum. He wanted his body to be cremated, but the Communist Party decided otherwise.
The construction was simply grandiose, and the memorial was erected in just 7 months. The best materials were brought from all provinces of China. More than half a million people took part (in most cases, symbolic) in construction. The official opening ceremony was held on May 24, 1977.
The biggest mystery
There are rumors that the body of Mao Zedong really cremated, and in the mausoleum is a very high quality wax sculpture. Perhaps this involves a strict ban on photographing the leader's body. In any case, visiting this landmark is a great chance to look at it with your own eyes and make up your mind on this matter.
What to see - the northern hall
The first floor is divided into three large halls. You will enter the north. This room can be called a "reception room." In the center stands a large sculpture made of marble with a height of 3.5 meters. As it is not difficult to guess, she portrays Mao Zedong himself. He sits on a chair, throwing his leg over his leg. We did not expect such a pose from the great leader of China.
This is the place where the Chinese bring flowers to the deceased leader. Near the statue there are special holes where you can put bouquets.
Behind the statue of Chairman Mao is an interesting interior element. At first, it seems that this is a picture, but coming closer, you realize that this is an engraving. It is called "Homeland" and depicts the mountains and the bay of the sea.
All this produces an interesting impression. We are used to the fact that in such places everything must be done in the style of socialist realism. This is when the leader is portrayed as heroic or calling the people to fight the pose. Or when the engraving depicts the Communists, going into battle for the ideals of the revolution. And here there is nothing of this.
What to see - the central hall
It is here that the coffin of the great leader Mao is located. The coffin, as we have already said, is made of crystal. During construction, the government held a competition among all the main Chinese enterprises. Of the 20 options chosen this - the production of the 608th glass factory in Beijing.
Mao Zedong's body is worn in a gray suit, and a red flag with a sickle and a hammer is placed on top. It is the coffin made of crystal that gives tourists the opportunity to see Mao well even from a distance. In this room, be sure to observe the silence. The security here is serious, they can drive out.
What to see - south hall
The southern hall is the last one during the inspection of the mausoleum. From here the exit will lead you to the street. In the hall you can buy souvenirs, but there is nothing more interesting here, just a few pictures with images of different places in China.
What to see - the second floor
A simple visitor can not get to the second floor, it is not allowed. If you seriously decided that you need to look at these halls, then you should contact the travel agency. Only the organized groups are allowed to enter the second floor.
The second floor is a large museum of the history of the revolution and the Chinese Communist Party. Different halls are dedicated to the 6 most famous figures of the Communist Party, including one room of Mao Zedong. There are collected manuscripts, personal belongings and photos of these people.
It is difficult to say how interesting ordinary Russian tourists will be. We think that you should not regret that you will not get here.
After the inspection
You go back to Tiananmen Square. You can continue sightseeing. To the left of you will be the National Museum of China , and to the right the House of the People's Assembly . Both of these buildings are open to tourists. Turning 180 degrees and going forward, you go to the subway and to the Forbidden City.
This place in Beijing can be considered a record for the number of attractions, do not miss the chance to see them. And do not miss the chance to read about them on our website ( links below ).