It is difficult to find a tourist who would not buy souvenirs and gifts during the rest. In many countries it is customary to bargain in markets and private shops, and China is no exception. In this article we will talk about the features of this process in the "heavenly" and give some useful advice to travelers.
All stores in China are divided into private shops and "fix price" stores. Most souvenirs and gifts from China are sold in ordinary shops. Then either bargain, or buy everything at an exorbitant price.
Naturally, in supermarkets and large stores are not traded at all. In cafes and restaurants this is also not accepted.
But if you buy food on the market, then you can easily bargain if you buy something big. Bargaining for a pie is not worth it, it looks stupid in any country of the world.
Here is a pie worth 2 yuan, and skip the price is especially nowhere. By the way, we recommend our article about the food market in Beijing on Wangfujing Street, this photo was taken there.
In the minds of the majority of Russians, the process of trade is closely connected with greed, and, therefore, with something indecent. The Chinese have no such idea, they have a different culture. If you bargain, then no one will look askance at you.
Most of our fellow citizens consider the attempt of the seller to try to profit more, but to save the buyer more. The process itself is perceived as a duel between them. It is such a view that gives birth to all the negative.
Let's remove greed from this process, and everything will immediately become iridescent and beautiful. For example, you come to the counter and ask the price of an item. You are called a figure of 50 yuan. You do not need to think about how much you are saving and saving. From this you will feel like an avid person, and most of us have learned that greed is bad.
Call the price that you think is fair. If you think that the object is not worth more than 10, then call the figure of 10 yuan .
This strategy often leads to a positive result. Look around, stores in Russia take clothes that cost 100 rubles, put a price tag of 500 rubles, and declare a discount of 30%. And what is surprising, lovers of shopping "peck" at it. And all because of greed. Replace in your attitude to greed for justice, and you always buy everything at the best price.
The first important rule of decency - do not bargain for what you do not want to buy. If you do not have a serious intention to acquire an item, then there is no point in starting a conversation about its price. The Chinese are not used to buying something just because it's cheap. We now say, perhaps, an unpleasant thing for readers. This habit of "gathering" is purely Russian, and for the majority of foreigners it causes a strong dislike.
The second. If you called your price, and you were given this price, then you need to buy the goods. Of course, there is no such law that obliges it to do so. But if you bargained the right price, and do not take the goods, then this behavior is considered very uncultured in all countries.
In their manner of bargaining, the Chinese differ from other peoples, especially from Arabs and Turks. If you are bargaining with an Arab trader, then it is considered correct that you must respond to the reduction in the desired price by increasing your desired price.
That is, he says 50, you say 20, he says 45, and then ...... They think that you have to say something more than 20. If you say 20 again, they start to take offense. The Chinese do not take offense or protest.
What must be done before the commencement of trade
The first thing you need to decide for yourself is how many of these items do you want to buy. For example, you want to buy a beautiful national Chinese fan. Exactly determine for yourself whether you need a second? This is important, because in the process of trading you are likely to get an offer to buy cheaper, but two or three pieces.
Buying unnecessary things is not the most reasonable strategy. Once you receive a similar proposal, you will be ready to refuse or accept it, based on a pre-planned plan. If you know in advance that you want to buy two fans, then start bargaining for one.
Be sure to point to a specific subject before the commencement of trading. Do not misunderstand. Do not show on the shelf with shirts, and show on a particular shirt.
The Chinese always believe that they have the right to interpret the discrepancies in their favor. You can get into a situation where the trader at the end will give you the cheapest thing that he has for a year.
And the last thing you need to determine is your target price, or, as they say, "target price". That is, the price that you think is fair and ready to pay for the goods.
Determination of the target price in China
This is a difficult task, because you do not work in production and do not know the cost of different goods. Of course, you can focus on prices in Russia, believing that in China everything is cheaper, but even this method does not give an exact answer.
Great luck, if there is a "fix price" store on the market, this greatly simplifies the task. If so, go there and look at the price, and then boldly take away from it 25-40%. This will be the target price for trading in conventional shops.
Prices are very different from the market to the market. The most common recommendation is to buy souvenirs at the end of the trip, when you will be better positioned in the value of goods in China.
Target prices for some products, we can tell. A magnet can be bought for 1 yuan for a thing. Different hats in the form of pandas and the like - 10 yuan. Souvenir plates are also 10 yuan. But such hand-made articles, as in the photo on the right, do not understand how much they should cost. After all, they are made, in fact, from garbage.
For this, you do not need to speak Chinese or know hieroglyphics . All communication takes place using a conventional electronic calculator. He is gaining his price, you write your own, and so on.
You can immediately boldly write down your target price, and write it constantly, that is, not yield in your demands. This strategy works even better in China. If you agree, then buy the goods at the price that they consider fair. Do not give such a price, well, okay, you'll find a more accommodating merchant.
The Turks and Arabs have a rather vile habit of trying to shove the goods into your hands, believing that you must afterwards buy it. Many tourists are very annoyed. Fortunately, the Chinese are not accepted that way. The goods can be kept in hand and inspected during the course of trading, this does not affect anything.
As we have already said, be prepared that you will be offered to reduce the price, if you take several similar products. The second option, popular with Chinese traders, is an attempt to offer a similar product, but "simpler". Such proposals should be immediately rejected.
And the last recommendation, but the most important. Buy something only at stationary outlets. Deceptions of tourists in China occur often, especially deceit with surrender is popular.
Successful trading, and read the pages of our website about China ( links below ).