National music of Tunisia
Any solid hotel in Tunisia at least once a week shows tourists a national show with a dance with pots and national Tunisian music. Many tourists who visited Tunisia remember the ensemble with drums and bagpipes playing rhythmic music. We will tell about them in this article.
The national music of Tunisia is called "malouf" (malouf).
The most interesting national instrument is "misvad" (pictured right). This is a wind instrument, which, by the principle of its work, is very similar to Scottish bagpipes. It consists of a leather bag, from which come out tubes made from cow's horns. A musician blows into one tube to fill the bag with air, from the other two air comes out, producing a sound that can be controlled by opening and closing the holes.
Mandol - this is another musical instrument popular in northern Africa. This stringed instrument. The mandolus has 8, 10 or 12 strings, and it is often more difficult to play on it than on a guitar we normally use. As well as misvad, this instrument plays a melody.
Bendir (pictured left) is the main percussion instrument in Tunisia and throughout northern Africa. Tunisian bandir is made of leather and wood. This is an open drum of a very simple design. Bandier sound may vary, depending on the size of the drum frame and what kind of skin was used. The average size of the bandir is about 60 centimeters. During the game, the musician directs the working surface away from himself and plays the instrument with his hands.
From the Berber music in Tunisia came the African drums. Usually they are small in size, about 20 centimeters in diameter. In contrast to the bandir, which is used to create the basic rhythm, the African drum knocks out a more frequent rhythm.
Makranach is this traditional flute in Tunisia. It is very similar to miswad (bagpipes), only there is no leather bag. Makronah is made from a horn, and not from a tree, which is often used in national flutes of other nations. Zorka is also a wind instrument, more like a pipe. Zorka is found in folk ensembles even more often.
Tunisian music is quite diverse, there is a more academic version of Maloof, which can be seen on television. There is a simpler "folk" option. In the first case, violins and other stringed instruments dominate, and a greater emphasis is placed on the melody. In the second case, the ensemble consists of mizvad, flute and two drums, one bandir and an African drum. In the national version, the emphasis is on the rhythm.
People's Maluf you can watch and listen on our video.
The origins of Tunisian rhythms and melodies
The roots of this music lie in the Arab culture, this music was born during the expansion of the Arab Caliphate. The Arab Caliphate conquered all of northern Africa, and even part of Spain. In the 15th century, the Spaniards recaptured the southern part of their country during a series of wars that were called "reconquista." Many Arabs fled the Spanish province of Andalusia, it is believed that they brought Maloof to Tunisia.
But it was not the same maluf that we can hear right now. Finally, this musical style was formed under the influence of Turkish music, which came here during the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. Also in Maloof, rhythms are borrowed from Berber music. This is how Maloof was formed, Tunisian music is the same reflection of the history of the country as Tunisian ceramics .
After the declaration of Tunisia's independence, the state began actively supporting traditional music. Maluf not only persisted, it developed. Now in academic Maluf there are "Western" instruments, such as pianoforte, viola and some others.
Folk music is also developing at a rapid pace. A strong impulse to development was tourism, which gave many musicians a stable and well-paid job. Tourists really like all the national and colorful, and groups of musicians with great success touring hotels, usually, along with artists who demonstrate dances with pots on their heads.
We wish you interesting shows during your holiday in Tunisia, and read other interesting articles about this country ( links below ).
Read about Tunisia on our website