Country Austria: description, features, information on the language
When the word Austria is pronounced, waltz and alpine skiing come to most Russians. Of course, the Austrians do not spend all their time behind these studies, in this article we will talk about the Austrian Republic and the Austrians themselves. We will consider the Alpine country, first of all, from the point of view of an ordinary tourist and tell you about what you will have to face there.
Austria is a very small country with an area of only 84,000 km2, which can be compared to two areas of the Moscow region. At the same time, a quarter of the area is almost not suitable for living, as these are mountains.
In this regard, the country's population is not large, only about 8.5 million people. This figure looks modest even in comparison with the population of Moscow. Despite this, many Austrians are well known in the world (see article 10 of the famous Austrians ).
In Austria, there are not a large number of immigrants, either in Germany or in France.
The first feature of the Austrians, which you will notice, will be a slowness. Even in the capital city of Vienna there is no fuss, no one is in a hurry. One should not think that the inhabitants of Austria are passive, not at all, they are just leisurely, sensible and do not like vanity. They are in no hurry, but everywhere they are in time. No wonder they are Germans.
The difference between the Austrians and the Germans? Language and religion
The inhabitants of Austria and Germany are indeed of one nationality. They have no external differences, only cultural ones. And the first distinction can be clearly seen in conversational German. The Austrians speak their own dialect, which, even for people who know German well, does not always seem to be clear.
But in their dialect, the people of Austria communicate with each other. They all speak excellent German, and when you hear that you speak in ordinary German, you easily switch to it. By the way, the subjects of the Austrian Republic themselves do not consider themselves Germans. If you call the Austrians a German, then he may just be offended by you.
The second important difference is in religion. The Austrians are much more religious than the inhabitants of Germany and almost all the inhabitants of Austria are Catholics. Accordingly, almost all the religious institutions in the country are under the bosom of the Roman Catholic Church. St. Stephen's Cathedral is the main cathedral of the country and is in Vienna, we prepared a detailed article about it.
Many tourists are not very versed in religion, so in this article we will tell you what is the difference between Catholics and Lutherans. In the 16th century, a monk named Martin Luther (not to be confused with Martin Luther King) wrote 95 thoughts that exposed the Roman Catholic Church.
He, naturally, was declared a heretic, and the Pope demanded his destruction. But his thoughts suited many. The first was supported by the local rulers of Germany, who had long been dissatisfied with the dependence on the church and the fact that the Pope tells them how to live and what to do.
Martin Luther translated the Bible into German, which was very much to the liking of a simple people. As a result of these reforms and several religious warriors, part of Europe broke away from the authority of the church in Rome. Monarchs began to declare themselves heads of local churches, having received at their disposal all the fullness of power in their countries.
All the breakaway began to be called Protestants, from the word "protest." And the followers of Martin Luther began to call themselves "Lutherans." Lutherans were not the only Protestants, there were also Calvinists and Anglicans. In England, this process was the most vivid and interesting. King Henry VIII wanted to divorce his wife, but the Pope did not give consent, so England created her church.
In Germany, 1/3 of the population are Catholics, 1/3 Lutherans and a third of atheists. In Austria, 90% of the country's population are adherents of the Catholic Church.
Which Austrian coat of arms is correct?
The next interesting observation is made by many tourists, most often it happens at the time of buying souvenirs. On the part of the presents an eagle with one head is depicted, and on the other the travelers see a two-headed bird. What is the difference?
Everything is very simple. The two-headed eagle was the emblem of the Austrian Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire (see the article History of Austria ). The modern official symbol of Austria has only one head. The Austrians still remember the times when their country stretched far to the east and included Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia and Bosnia. They treat the old coat of arms with nostalgia and trepidation.
Economy: what do the Austrians live and how do they earn?
The economy of the Austrian Republic is very developed. In terms of GDP per capita (this figure shows how much the average citizen of the country does) Austria is on the 11th place (list of the IMF in 2013).
Russia in this list is on the 48th place, while in the alpine country there is neither oil nor gas, there are no fossil resources in large quantities. The Austrians primarily rely on labor productivity, deliberate waste and a reasonable approach to business.
Austria is one of the founding countries of the eurozone and since 2001 has switched to euro (see article how much money to take to Austria and national coins ).
A large income to the treasury brings tourism, although it is not the main source of income of the country.
First of all, there is a popular ski tourism. In Austria there are seven year-round resorts for lovers of winter sports and countless winter resorts.
And the Germans would not be Germans if they did not develop the tourism industry in other directions. Vienna is one of the cultural capitals of Europe, attracting millions of travelers a year (see article attractions in Austria ). There are many castles, palaces and natural attractions in the country, excursion tours are very popular here.
The lakes of Carinthia gave Austria the glory of the country for beach rest. Paragliding is developed in the mountains in the summer.
The Alpine country is home to a large number of international companies, and they make the most part of their income for the country. Here are some of them:
Raiffeisen, Swarovski, Steyr Mannlicher, Red Bull GmbH, Glock Ges.mbH, Coffeeshop Company, Billa. Supermarkets. All these companies are from Austria.
Transport in the country
The next section will be useful for tourists who travel to the Austrian Republic on their own. We will talk about transport throughout the country.
In Vienna there is a metro (see the article of the Vienna metro with a map in Russian ), in part it is located underground, partially passes through the surface. The beauty of public transport in Vienna is that tickets are universal on the subway, commuter trains, trams and buses.
Between different cities it is most convenient to move around on trains, the network of railways is well developed. There are high-speed trains, the journey will be quick and comfortable. A special train runs between Vienna airport and the city center (see how to get from Vienna airport to the city center ).
Do not forget that the Austrians, however, like most Westerners, like their personal space. In transport in Austria is usually free, but if people get bigger, then try to keep distance from other people. Here it is accepted.
Knowledge of languages by Austrians and other features of the country for tourists
The economy of Austria receives good income from tourism, but this is not the most important area of the economy. The Austrians do not have a love of foreign languages, only English is known to many, it is studied in school. The rest of the languages here are not respected, and to find someone who speaks Russian is very difficult.
The situation with shops here is very similar to Germany. There is no desire to work late or on weekends from the owners of shops. Most points of trade on weekdays work from 9-00 to 18-00, and on Saturday they work until 17-00. On Sunday, most stores are generally closed.
Large supermarkets often work until 21-00, which saves hungry tourists. Fortunately, pharmacies work without days off and on an extended schedule, shops in transport hubs (railway stations and airports) also work 7 days a week and until 21-00.
Read our other articles about Austria, where you will find a lot of useful information about the country ( links below ).
Read about Austria on our website
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