The 10 most famous Egyptians
The history of Egypt is 6000 years of civilization. During this time, Egypt spawned an insane number of great rulers, religious figures, scientists and other famous people. All of them are worthy of attention of our respected readers, but our rating is not rubber, and we had to choose the 10 most-most. These people have built important sights of Egypt , you will see them on advertising posters and souvenirs during the trip. They are best known in person and have an idea of their achievements and heritage.
Imhotep (XXVII century BC)
The most famous scientist and architect of ancient Egypt
Why in this list: everyone knows it, since the image is very actively used in mass culture
Why only the 10th place: people know not himself, but the image
He was the chief priest of the god Ra and the chief adviser under Pharaoh Joser of the III dynasty. He is one of the few figures of ancient Egypt who was deified, and Imhotep was revered as the god of medicine.
It was Imhotep who built the first Egyptian pyramid, erecting several mastabas against each other. This first pyramid is called the " Step Pyramid of Djoser " and is located in the necropolis of Sakkara , 25 kilometers south of present-day Cairo. Surprisingly, it is well preserved externally, although inside it was plundered during the First Transition Period.
Russians are almost unknown to the real Imhotep scientist, we know his artistic images better. Most of all it was glorified by three parts of the film "The Mummy". The photo above is a frame from this movie. As the real Imhotep looked, it is difficult to say. We only have statues of the period of the New Kingdom, which are hardly reliably portrayed.
The tomb of Imhotep was never found, and, probably, we still have a loud archaeological discovery connected with his name.
Muhammad Ali of Egypt (XVIII-XIV century AD)
The most famous ruler of Egypt of modern times
Why on this list: its role in the history of Egypt is enormous, its reforms have become for the country "jump" forward
Why only 9th place: in the mass consciousness it was replaced by the famous boxer Kasius Clay, who took the name of Muhammad Ali
Muhammad Ali Pasha was an officer of the army of the Ottoman Empire when he arrived in Egypt in 1798. He was sent here with a small detachment as reinforcements in the war with Napoleon. In the war with the French, Muhammad Ali did not succeed, but began to make a political career in Egypt. By 1905 he was appointed governor of all of Egypt.
But this was not enough for Muhammad Ali Pasha, he was already nurturing a reform plan. In 1830, Egypt stopped paying tribute to the Ottoman Empire and began to defend its independence. In his reign, reforms were made in the army and administration, which made Egypt a modern country for its time. Egypt became virtually independent, although it was nominally considered part of the Ottoman Empire.
In our country, Mohammed Ali of Egypt is not well known, therefore he has only 9th place on this list. Visiting the mosque of Muhammad Ali is an obligatory part of any excursion to Cairo.
Rudolf Hess (XX century)
German politician, National Socialist
Why on this list: and you could think that he is an Egyptian?
Why only 8th place: he is not such an Egyptian
A faithful colleague of Hitler and one of the founders of the National Socialist Party in Germany. Rudolf Hess was born in Egypt in the city of Alexandria in 1894. In Egypt, he spent his earlier childhood, and then returned to Switzerland.
We do not know how the Egyptian environment affected him. We hope that Egypt did not participate in the formation of its worldview.
Rudolf Hess became famous for having autocratically boarded a plane in 1941 and flew from Germany to England. At that time, countries were at war for a long time. Why did he do it and what did he want to achieve? We do not know until now, since all documents are classified by British intelligence. Hitler declared him crazy and a traitor. In 2017, they must declassify these documents, then we will learn the truth.
Gamal Abdel Nasser (20th century)
President of Egypt (1954-1970), Hero of the Soviet Union
Why in this list: the most active leader of modern Egypt
Why only 7th place: we do not know him so well
In the middle and late 60's Gamal Abdel Nasser became a hero of anecdotes in the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Order of Lenin and the star of the hero of the USSR. The Soviet people could not understand this step, and this misunderstanding was expressed in a satirical form.
For Egypt, it was a real hero. Gamal Abdel Nasser was a very skilful politician, he masterfully played world leaders as puppets. As a result of his rule, the Soviet Union built for Egypt a large hydroelectric power station in the city of Aswan almost free of charge. The Warsaw Treaty countries supplied Egypt with weapons of the latest designs at low prices and with deferred payments.
Nasser led Egypt during the two Arab-Israeli wars of 1956 and 1967, and both wars were extremely unsuccessful. Nasser turned out to be a good politician, but not the most skilful commander. Dozens of streets and a reservoir were named in honor of him in Egypt.
Pharaoh Ramses II (XIII century BC)
3rd Pharaoh of the 19th dynasty of Ancient Egypt
Why in this list: the pharaoh who ruled Egypt for 66 years is the record
Why only 6th place: he is known to the Russians, but not as good as the following characters
Pharaoh Ramses II lived 90 years, and 66 of them he was the ruler of Egypt. He had 6 official wives, and God knows how many concubines. The number of his children historians are counted up to now, and the figure has already passed the 100 mark. It is called Ramses II the Great.
Tourists Ramses II is famous for the famous Abu Simbel temple , which was moved by scientists to a new location during the construction of the Aswan Dam. It is assumed that it was Ramses II who was the pharaoh of the outcome. The last fact is not proved, but in time everything converges. He defeated the Hittites at the battle of Kadesh, conquered Phenicia and Syria.
In popular culture, Pharaoh Ramses II appeared for the last time in the film "Exodus: Kings and Gods", in the cartoon "Prince of Egypt" he acts as one of the main characters. And, of course, he heads the nation of the Egyptians in the games of the Sid Meier's Civilization series.
Pharaoh Cheops (XXVI century BC)
2nd Pharaoh of the 4th dynasty of Ancient Egypt
Why in this list: its pyramid is known to all
Why only the 5th place: we know the pyramid, but very little is known about it
The pyramid of Cheops is known to everyone, but few of the readers can say something about himself. It is rarely spoken about in written sources, and the funerary temple near the pyramid is almost not preserved. Its only image is a small figurine measuring only 7.5 centimeters, found in one of the temples in Abydos. This statuette you can see in the photo above.
But it was his pyramid at the time of construction that became the tallest building on Earth and remained that way for more than four millennia. The reign of Cheops is the apogee of the development of Egypt in the period of the Old Kingdom.
Queen Nefertiti (XIV century BC)
The wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten from the 17th dynasty
Why in this list: known for legends about its beauty
Why only the fourth place: she did not do something important in her life
It's amazing how a wife who has not done anything important in her life has outstripped the popularity of her husband, the great religious reformer of Egypt.
Pharaoh Akhenaten conducted an important reform in Egypt - he introduced the worship of the one god Aton, that is, introduced monotheism. The reform was "slipping", which we will not talk about in detail. At Akhenaten everything would be wonderful, but, he did not have an heir. And his wife Nefertiti gave him six daughters and not a single son. The probability of such a combination of circumstances is 1 to 64.
After the death of Queen Nefertiti on the 13th or 14th year of the reign of Akhenaten, Pharaoh married his daughter, but the heir was not born. Incest still did not bring anyone to the good. After the death of Akhenaten himself, his name was forgotten by the priests of Amun, previously persecuted by him.
But, the memory of the Nefertiti itself has remained in the centuries, as one of the most beautiful women of ancient Egypt.
Sultan Saladin (XII century AD)
The most famous ruler of Egypt in the Middle Ages
Why on this list: this is the hero of any book or film about the Crusades
Why only 3-rd place: he has more famous competitors
First mentioned in the classic English literature by Walter Scott, Sultan Saladin (Salah ad-Din) became a symbol - the main enemy of the Knights-Crusaders.
Later, his image began to appear in any works relating to the Crusades. And, no matter what period. In most cases, the authors confuse his real life time, and in works he fights with all the Crusaders, from the very first to the last. The last loud appearance of this character in popular culture is the film "The Kingdom of Heaven" directed by Ridley Scott. The role of Sultan Saladin was performed by Syrian actor Hassan Massoud.
It was Sultan Saladin who built the Cairo Citadel , which has long become an obligatory part of the excursion program in Cairo. Also to tourists, he is familiar with the fortress of his name near the resort of Taba on the Sinai peninsula.
2 nd place
Pharaoh Tutankhamun (XIV century BC)
The most famous pharaoh of ancient Egypt
Why in this list: almost all Russians know his name
Why only 2-nd place: he became famous completely by accident
It is amazing! Pharaoh Tutankhamun did not actually rule Egypt. He nominally entered the throne at the age of 10, the regents ruled for him. At the age of 19 he died, and it is unclear exactly from what. Perhaps he died, falling from the chariot on the hunt, or maybe from a disease. He was so quickly prepared for burial, that they filled the mummy with oil. At the time of extraction, the mummy was severely damaged, and it is not possible to determine the cause of death.
He became famous thanks to the occasion. Almost all the tombs in the Valley of the Kings were looted in antiquity, and only one archaeologist was found almost untouched, it was the tomb of Tutankhamun . Its contents were found untouched and kept now in the Cairo Museum . The most famous find in the tomb is a funeral mask made of gold and weighing more than 10 kilograms. This mask is depicted on the coin 1 Egyptian pound .
In Russia he is very famous for the song of the rock band "Nautilus Pompilius". Remember, "Truth is always one. Pharaoh said this, he was very clever, and for this he was called Tutankhamun. " We really love Vyacheslav Butusov for "Bound", for "Titanic", for "Wings", but the lyrics of the song about Tutankhamun are full of rubbish.
1 st place
Cleopatra (1st century BC)
The most famous ruler of Egypt
Why 1 place: everyone knows it
Feminists, rejoice! The first place in the list of the most famous Egyptians is a woman. This is not our whim, it really is.
In the royal family of Ptolemies, all men were called Ptolemies, and all women were Cleopatra. It is correct to call a woman known to us as "Cleopatra XII". She reigned on the Egyptian throne at the very moment when the country became dependent on Rome. Her whole life was connected with the Romans. She was in a civil marriage with Julius Caesar, and even gave birth to his son. After the murder of Caesar, she married a Roman military leader, Mark Antony, and bore him three children. After the defeat of Antony, the queen parted with life, biting herself a snake.
The image of Cleopatra has always been fanned with romance, which is why it became insanely popular in popular culture. He wrote her dozens of literary works, and she appears in dozens of films.
At the resorts of Egypt in its part are named dozens of objects - lagoons, islands, bays and beaches. In Hurghada there is a unique nudist beach, and it is called "Cleopatra Beach". In Sharm El Sheikh, in her honor, a chic five-star hotel, and even a water park " Cleo park ". The most famous cigarettes in Egypt are called "Cleopatra". Among the Russian tourists, the " Cleopatra's basin " is also known in Turkey.
The legitimate first place is occupied by Queen Cleopatra.
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