In Egypt, a lot of cotton is grown, which is not surprising, because cotton loves the heat and does not like rain, in Egypt for this culture, ideal conditions. Near the centers for growing cotton is a textile industry. In the delta of the Nile, grains and legumes, vegetables and fruits are grown.
There is almost no processing industry and minerals in Egypt. As a result, Egypt is quite a poor country, Egyptians are forced to buy almost all the machinery, electronics and equipment abroad. GDP per capita in Egypt is 4 times lower than in Russia.
Alcohol in Egypt
If you are going to the hotel by the all-inclusive system, then you do not have to worry, the hotels always have alcohol. The difference lies in the ultra-all-inclusive system, when you can consume alcohol of foreign origin and simply all-inclusive, when you want to drink locally produced drinks.
In Egypt, the sale of alcohol is prohibited, there are only duty-free shops at the airports of Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh, where you can buy alcohol only in the first 2 days after arrival, and only in limited quantities, namely 2 liters of strong alcohol or 12 liters of beer per adult. The passport will put a special stamp on you, and you will not be able to buy it for the second time.
You can bring alcohol with you, officially there is a limit of 3 liters, but we did not see that someone was not allowed to pass with a lot. Some go with full suitcases of alcoholic drinks in their luggage, they do not make claims.
The population of Egypt
The population of Egypt is 90% of the Arabs and 10% of the Copts, and the division is mainly based on religious principles. The Copts are the descendants of the ancient Egyptians, in the 7th century the Arab caliphate conquered Egypt from Byzantium, the Arabs began to settle in the country, and the indigenous population of the Arabs was called the Copts.
Most of the population of Egypt has nothing to do with pyramids, ancient temples, or hieroglyphics. The Arabs destroyed the ancient relics more than they did. Of course, now, all antiquity is valued and respected, as it brings profit in the form of a tourist business.
Even in the construction of platinum in Aswan, a large archaeological monument, Mount Abu Simbel, had to be moved, as it was threatened by flooding. When you visit this landmark, you can learn the details of this transfer.
The Copts do not like the Arabs, the Arabs do not like the Copts. As soon as riots occur, Coptic Orthodox churches suffer first. On a religious basis, the population of Egypt is divided into Muslims (90%) and Christian Copts (10%). There are still small ethnic groups, such as Berbers and Nubians, but they are very few.
Geography of Egypt
Most of the country is occupied by the Sahara desert, about 96% of the territory is unfit for economic activities. About 3% of the country is in the delta of the Nile River, home to 97% of the country's population.
The rest of the population lives on the coast of the Red Sea, just in the tourist centers of the country. In the deserts, there are still nomads, they are very few, they are very aggressive, a lonely tourist is better not to contact them, they are often armed.
Egypt in the west borders on Libya, the one in which the dictator Muammar Gaddafi was recently overthrown. Egypt in the south is bordered by Sudan. In the east, it has a border with Israel and the Palestinian Authority. As you noticed, the region is not very calm.