The Alexandria lighthouse suffered from earthquakes that occurred in Egypt from 950 to 1300 (it is not known which earthquake destroyed this miracle of the world). The remaining stones were used in the 15th century for the construction of the citadel of Kai-bey.
Since its construction, the citadel has been used as the key construction of the defense of Alexandria, and, in combination, as a prison for particularly important political prisoners. The last fact is not surprising, remember the Bastille in Paris or the Tower in London.
In 1882, the British fleet "restored order" in Alexandria. The city was bombed from the sea. The citadel of Kai-bey was seriously damaged, the upper floors ceased to exist. In 1904 it was partially restored.
You probably noticed a large number of people on the square near the citadel, this place now functions as the largest market for tourists in Alexandria. To be honest, the guides bring tourists here just for the sake of shopping souvenirs, with great enthusiasm telling that there is nothing interesting inside.
Inside there is a museum of the naval forces of Egypt, also a large part of the citadel is open for inspection. You can see first-hand the key defensive structure of Egypt.
And the last interesting place in our review is the catacombs of Kom al-Shokafa, or simply the catacombs of Alexandria.
This object was used as a necropolis until the 4th century AD, after which it was simply forgotten.
Once again he was found in 1900, when the donkey fell down.
The opening necropolis was breathtakingly interesting from the point of view of archeology. In one place were found the burial places of the ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman periods.
Even some statues in the catacombs are made in a mixed style.
Frankly, the place is creepy. Although, it is difficult to expect that such a huge crypt will delight visitors with something pleasant or cheerful. In total in the catacombs of 3 levels, the bottom is completely flooded.
In the catacombs there is the most terrible place, this is a large grave in which animals and people killed by the order of the Emperor of Caracalla are buried. There is a suggestion that these people were immured there alive. In this version you can believe, Caracalla was a very cruel person, there is a version that he poisoned his father, the famous emperor Septimius Severus. And the fact that he killed his brother Geta is officially confirmed.
For this person, burying someone alive was not a problem. In the room, which is called "the room of Caracalla," was found a huge number of remains of people and animals.
That's all we wanted to tell about the excursion to Alexandria. This excursion is designed for at least one day, and, often, does not include all the sights, which we told about in our article. Look carefully at the list of interesting places in your excursion.
Other interesting facts about Egypt read in our articles ( links below ).