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Tourist countries \ Egypt \ Excursion to the city of Cairo in Egypt and photo sights

Excursion to the city of Cairo in Egypt and photo sights

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In this review we will tell about all the sights of Cairo, except the great pyramids of Giza, about which we have a separate review .

Мечеть Мухаммеда Али

Cairo is the capital and the largest city in Egypt. This city is very young, of course, according to Egyptian standards. The city was founded by the Arabs in 642. In Cairo, there are many interesting places, we will tell about the most significant of them in this review.

The main attraction of Cairo is the Cairo citadel, the mosque of Muhammad Ali and the tomb of Muhammad Ali. This place, in importance, can be compared with the Kremlin in Moscow. The body of the great figure of Egypt is in the tomb, the tomb in the mosque, the mosque in the citadel.

The Cairo citadel, or as it is still called "Saladin's Citadel" was built by the great sultan Saladin (Salah ad-Din) around the year 1180. Saladin planned to build a grand fortress that would be able to exist in isolation, you can see a well 85 m deep, which was excavated in the days of Saladin.

Works on the construction of the walls were not yet completed, when the ruler died, the citadel was completed after his death. The Cairo Citadel was the residence of the rulers of Egypt from the time of construction until 1860.

Цитадель Саладина

There are many interesting places on the territory of the citadel, we will list:

- Mosque of Muhammad Ali, we will tell about it in detail later

- The Mosque of Al-Nassir Mohammed Koulauna

- Bahri Mamluk Mosque

- Museum of the armed forces of Egypt

- Egyptian Police Museum

- Museum of Coaches

- Museum in the palace of al-Guhar

Visit all these attractions time is not enough, and guides lead only to the mosque of Mohammed Ali. They can be understood if you tell tourists what they can see, they just wander around the citadel, and then the group will be hard to assemble.

To better understand what you will see, we will tell about Muhammad Ali himself, who is one of the most famous historical figures of Egypt. By the degree of popularity, he can only argue with Saladin (Salah ad-Din).

Мухаммед Али

Muhammad Ali of Egypt or Muhammad Ali Pasha became ruler of Egypt in 1805.

He was a Khedive, a ruler appointed by the Ottoman Empire, or, you might say, a viceroy. Of course, the Khedive had power, which was almost absolute.

He began reforms in the army and public administration, arranging them according to the European pattern.

In 1830 he openly rebelled against the Turks, and after 10 years the soldier won independence for Egypt, became a real ruler with the right to transfer power by inheritance.

By the way, you noticed that this great Egyptian is not Arab at all, he is actually an Albanian, originally from the Balkan Peninsula. He went through all the steps of the career ladder in the Ottoman Empire, regardless of the origin.

The mosque began to be built during the lifetime of the great ruler. The mosque was built in memory of the deceased senior son of Muhammad Ali, whose name was Tusun Pasha.

This mosque has an important cultural significance, it was built on the site of the palaces of the previous Mameluke rulers. The mosque is built in the Turkish style, thus, Muhammad Ali designated the change of the dynasties of the rulers of Egypt.

Мечеть Мухаммеда Али

The Turkish style consists of a large central dome, around which are located smaller domes. The second characteristic feature are two minarets. I think those of the readers who were in Turkey learned their Turkish style.

You can walk around the courtyard of the mosque. Pay attention to the clock tower. It is the subject of cultural exchange between Egypt and France. The French handed this watch tower to the mosque, and Egypt, in turn, gave France an obelisk from Luxor, which is now in Paris.

Внутренний двор мечети Мухаммеда Али

Only men are admitted to the central prayer hall, women are not allowed to enter. For women there are separate prayer rooms.

Люстра в мечети Мухаммеда Али

The main hall of the mosque is large enough, on the floor is a traditional beautiful carpet. More than a thousand believers can pray at the same time in the main hall.

Traditionally in the center hangs a huge chandelier, the decor is very beautiful. The lighting in all major mosques is given special attention.

The Mosque of Muhammad Ali is the most visited tourist place in Cairo. All tours are brought here, do not know exactly why this mosque has gained such popularity, it is not the largest in Egypt, the first place in the capacity of worshipers is the mosque al-Azar.

And, of course, there is a sarcophagus of Mohammed Ali in the mosque. It was here that the first full-time ruler of Egypt was buried for a long time. His descendants ruled Egypt until 1952, when the monarchy was finally overthrown. By the way, the overthrow was peaceful enough, the king, although captured by revolutionaries, was simply expelled from the country.

Саркофаг Мухаммеда Али

Lighting near the tomb is weak, making a good photo is difficult.

The next attraction, about which we will tell, is the world famous Cairo Museum. Warn at once that you can not take photos inside the museum, so we do not publish the photo exhibition. Although this is not the only reason.

To the great regret, in the summer of 2013 the museum was looted by a crowd of demonstrators, although it is more correct to call them marauders. Unlike in 2011, when about 50 exhibits were stolen, some of which were later found, in 2013 the museum's losses are very serious.

Employees of the museum still (at the time of writing the article - November 2013) calculate the losses. For the culture of Egypt this is a serious tragedy.

Каирский музей

The building of the Cairo Museum can not be confused with anything. The bright red color and a large number of statues are the "calling cards" of this unique collection of artifacts of ancient times.

Статуя перед Каирским музеем

Part of the collection can be seen without even entering the museum. Of course, these are not the most valuable exhibits of the collection, but photography is not prohibited near the building, and tourists use this opportunity to capture themselves against the background of historical relics.

Usually, an excursion to the museum lasts one hour, and this, of course, is not enough to examine the entire exposition. On the other hand, the whole exposition is more interesting to Egyptologists than to tourists.

Tourists are shown all the fun. "Pearl" of the collection is the mask of the pharaoh Tutankhamun. Recall that the tomb of this pharaoh was found untouched, which is very rare. A whole mummy, a funeral mask, a sarcophagus and many other artifacts were found in the tomb.

Most tourists are interested in gold products, although for historians and archaeologists are more interesting artifacts that contain inscriptions, they give the most information about the past. It was gold items that became the target of marauders during the pogroms, not all rebels had political goals, some simply wanted to profit. Now the police and the secret police are actively looking for lost artifacts, the last time in 2011 they returned many of the exhibits.

Now we can not even say if the museum works, and what can be viewed inside. But at the time of writing, tourists were generally not recommended to leave the hotel, the riots have already ended, but the political situation is unstable.

See the PHOTO gallery of excursions to Cairo.

The city of Cairo itself can be considered one great attraction. Egypt is a poor country. On the streets of the city you can meet donkeys and horses, where traders transport their goods.

Ослик с повозкой на улицах Каира

Animals are cheaper than vehicles, and on the road you can meet and cars, and donkeys, and horses at the same time.

Дома в Каире

The city may seem unfinished, many buildings do not have roofs. This is not accidental, this has economic meaning.

According to the laws of Egypt, the building in which the roof is not finished, is not considered a completed real estate object, and property taxes are not paid from it.

In Egypt, there is almost no rain, and the absence of a roof to the inhabitants is not particularly hampered. Therefore, many do not build a roof to not pay taxes, and live in such an unfinished house for years.

We wish you a successful trip to the sights of Cairo. Be careful on the streets, Egypt is not particularly respected by the rules of the road, everyone rides as they want.

Other interesting facts about Egypt read in our articles ( links below ).


Read about Egypt on our website

TOURISTS ABOUT EGYPT


Tips for tourists in Egypt


GENERAL INFORMATION


Interesting facts about Egypt

History of Egypt briefly for tourists

The 10 most famous Egyptians


SECURITY


Insurance in Egypt

How not to poison yourself in Egypt

"Divorce" on the money of tourists

What a tourist can not do in Egypt

Rest in Egypt with young children


VISAS AND MIGRATION CARD


Do I need a visa to Egypt

Migration card of Egypt - how to fill out


TRANSPORT


How much to fly to Egypt and what

Taxi in Egypt

From Cairo airport to the city

Metro Cairo


IMPORTANT FOR TOURISTS


Weather in Egypt by months

Which sockets in Egypt

What to bring to Egypt

How to call from Egypt to Russia


BAD HABITS


Alcohol in Egypt in hotels

Local Egyptian Alcohol

Cigarettes and smoking in Egypt


MONEY AND TRACES


Money of Egypt - Egyptian pound

How much money to take

What to bring from Egypt


POPULAR SPA IN EGYPT


Map of Egypt with resorts in Russian

Hurghada Resort

Resort Sharm El Sheikh

Resort Dahab

El Qusair Resort

Marsa Alam Resort

El Gouna Resort

Makadi Bay Resort

Resort Nuweiba

Safaga Resort

Soma Bay Resort

Sahl Hasheesh Resort

Ain Sokhna Resort

Taba Resort

Resorts of Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea


NATIONAL CUISINE


Food in Egypt and national cuisine

Egyptian dessert of Omal (or Om Ali)

ATTRACTION


Egypt Attractions


CAIRO


Cairo Attractions

Cairo Egyptian Museum

Cairo Citadel

Mosque of Mohammed Ali


EGYPT PYRAMIDS


Great Egyptian pyramids in Giza

The Pyramid of Cheops

Pyramid of Khafre

Pyramid of the Mikerin

The Great Sphinx

Sakkara Necropolis

Pyramid of Djoser

Necropolis of Dahshur

The broken pyramid

The Pink Pyramid


AQUAPARKS IN HURGHAD


Albatross Jungle Water Park

Sinbad Water Park

Titanic Water Park

Makadi Water World Water Park


AQUAPARKS IN CHARM EL SHEIKH


Aquapark Albatros Aqua Blue

Cleo Park Water Park


LEISURE


Safari in the desert in Egypt


SINA ATTRACTIONS


Mount Moses

The Monastery of St. Catherine

Ras Mohammed

Color Canyon


ATTRACTIONS OF ALEXANDRIA


Montaza Park, Library

The mosque, the zoo and the citadel of Kai Bay


SIGHTS IN LUXOR


Colossi of Memnon

Temple of Queen Hatshepsut in Luxor

Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens

Tomb of Tutankhamun

Karnak Temple in Luxor

Luxor Temple of Ancient Egypt


ON NILO


Temple of the god Horus in Edfu

Temple of Sebek and Horus in Kom Ombo

Excursion to Aswan and the dam

Abu Simbel, Temple of Ramses and Nefertari


ALTERNATIVE THEORIES


Pyramids - copies of alien ships

Pyramid is a form of a spaceship


Additional materials


Articles not included in the main cycle

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