Pharaohs of the next XIX dynasty armed with the principle "not to lose the same good" and organized from the temple of Amenhotep III a large quarry. The greatest contribution to the dragging of the temple was made by Ramses II, and "killed" the temple of Pharaoh Merneptah.
But the Colossi did not touch. Do not think that the subsequent pharaohs left the statues because of their deep respect for the predecessor, the reason for the other is that the Colossus was made of solid limestone blocks, they had to be cut to pieces.
Who is Memnon?
The name "Colossi of Memnon" is Greek and has nothing to do with the ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians themselves called the southern of the statues as "King of Kings", apparently the Colossus made an indelible impression. Arabs who conquered Egypt in the 7th century, called these statues "Shammy and Tammy." Modern Arabs call them "El Colossate."
It's no secret that the sights of Egypt became the object of excursion tourism back in ancient times. Ancient Greeks and Romans with pleasure came to look at the Great Pyramids , temples and other monuments of ancient Egypt.
Colossi became famous in the ancient world after the earthquake of 27 BC, when the northern statue suffered a great deal - the whole upper part fell off. And after that the remaining lower part began to make sounds. Since the sound was heard at dawn, the Greeks called the statues of the Colossi of Memnon.
Memnon - the king of the Ethiopians, who came with the army to help in defense of Troy. In the battle, he killed the Greek warrior Antilochus (the main thing is not to laugh), but he fell by the hand of Achilles. Memnon was the son of Eos (in the Roman pantheon Aurora), the goddess of dawn. According to the Greek legend, the morning dew is the tears of Eos for the deceased son. And the sounds of the Colossians in the morning the Greeks considered the weeping of the goddess Eos for her dead son.
History of the Colossi of Memnon
Colossi of Memnon stood at the entrance to the funerary temple of Amenhotep III. Their construction was a real engineering miracle for their era. They were carved from solid blocks of limestone, which is clearly seen in the photo below). The weight of each statue is about 720 tons, and the unit was supposed to weigh about 1000 tons.
Studies of the structure of the stone showed that the blocks were mined either in Giza, or in El-Gabal al-Ahmar. Both of these places are near modern Cairo - 700 kilometers from Luxor. How did the ancient Egyptians manage to transport them to such a distance? A big mystery.
There are two hypotheses about this. The first says that the Egyptians built wooden blocks around the blocks. Then they waited for the tide of the Nile, the barges were afloat and swam to the city of Thebes (modern Luxor). This hypothesis is quite plausible, a 1,000 ton barge is required to lift a cargo of 1,000 tons. A barge with such a displacement is now considered small (see photo ), and the Egyptians were quite able to build something like that.
The second version - that the blocks were too heavy for transportation on the river, and they were pulled on the ground. The version is unlikely, although very popular. For example, we recall a large marble stone in the Forbidden City . The weight of this stone is 250 tons, and it was really able to transport it on the earth over a distance of more than 100 kilometers. This process was documented, and we know for sure that it was pulled by 10,000 mules and 20,000 workers. And how many draft animals and people were supposed to pull a block weighing 1000 tons? And it should also be taken into account that the Chinese pulled their 250-ton block on the ice, which greatly simplified the task. In Egypt, you would have to pull the block on the ground or sand, which is much more difficult. Given the factors above, the hypothesis of transportation through the earth seems absurd.