Those of the tourists who hope to see statues, columns and sphinxes here, we hasten to disappoint, there is nothing like this here. Both valleys look very modest, photos of the valley of the queens you can see in the photo below.
Pharaohs in this place began to bury in the 15th century BC, at the beginning of the era of the new kingdom. Throughout the history of ancient Egypt, the funeral traditions of the pharaohs changed, during the era of the "ancient kingdom" the pharaohs preferred the pyramids, and the larger the size, the better.
After the first transitional period, Egypt no longer possessed such a huge amount of labor as before, and the construction of huge stone tombs became already overwhelming. During the middle kingdom of the pharaohs were buried in small pyramids, the base of such a pyramid, usually, was six meters. Near the burial place was the place of worship of the deceased pharaoh, for the ruler was idolized during his lifetime.
After the second transition period, in the time of the new kingdom, mores have changed. Now the place of burial and the place of worship were divided, each pharaoh sought to build a temple in his honor, and hide the grave away, so that they would not be looted.
The problem of looting already in those days was very acute, and the tombs tried to disguise, they even built false tombs, specially to deceive the robbers. The entrances often fell asleep so that the burial place could not be found.
Despite all efforts, most of the burials of the pharaohs were already completely looted by the time of the arrival of archaeologists.
The most famous tomb in the valley of kings belongs to Pharaoh Tutankhamun, photo above. During his reign, nothing significant happened, he ascended the throne at the age of 10, and died at age 19, presumably as a result of an injury. But he became famous all over the world precisely because of the tomb, which was untouched by the robbers and went to the archaeologists intact.