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Tourist countries \ Egypt \ Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens in Luxor in Egypt

Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens in Luxor in Egypt

In ancient times, the city of Luxor, which is often the starting or ending point of tourist routes along the sights of Egypt, was called Thebes, and was the capital of the upper Egypt. In the era of the new kingdom of Thebes became the capital of all of Egypt. The residential part of the city was, as now, on the eastern bank of the Nile, and on the western side there was an area for the repose of the dead, the area that is now called The Theban Necropolis.

Гробница в долине упокоения

The living part of Thebes on the east bank was called "the city of the living," and the necropolis on the west bank was the "city of the dead."

In this area there are many "centers" of burial places, here people were buried from commoners to pharaohs. Archaeologists are actively digging, and new burials are found every year. By the way, archaeological excavations are the reason that from time to time this place is closed to tourists.

Separate in this region are two areas, this is the place where the pharaohs were buried, which was called the "valley of the kings" and the burial place of their wives and children, called "the valley of the queens."

Those of the tourists who hope to see statues, columns and sphinxes here, we hasten to disappoint, there is nothing like this here. Both valleys look very modest, photos of the valley of the queens you can see in the photo below.

Долина цариц

Pharaohs in this place began to bury in the 15th century BC, at the beginning of the era of the new kingdom. Throughout the history of ancient Egypt, the funeral traditions of the pharaohs changed, during the era of the "ancient kingdom" the pharaohs preferred the pyramids, and the larger the size, the better.

After the first transitional period, Egypt no longer possessed such a huge amount of labor as before, and the construction of huge stone tombs became already overwhelming. During the middle kingdom of the pharaohs were buried in small pyramids, the base of such a pyramid, usually, was six meters. Near the burial place was the place of worship of the deceased pharaoh, for the ruler was idolized during his lifetime.

Гробница фараона Тутанхамона

After the second transition period, in the time of the new kingdom, mores have changed. Now the place of burial and the place of worship were divided, each pharaoh sought to build a temple in his honor, and hide the grave away, so that they would not be looted.

The problem of looting already in those days was very acute, and the tombs tried to disguise, they even built false tombs, specially to deceive the robbers. The entrances often fell asleep so that the burial place could not be found.

Despite all efforts, most of the burials of the pharaohs were already completely looted by the time of the arrival of archaeologists.

The most famous tomb in the valley of kings belongs to Pharaoh Tutankhamun, photo above. During his reign, nothing significant happened, he ascended the throne at the age of 10, and died at age 19, presumably as a result of an injury. But he became famous all over the world precisely because of the tomb, which was untouched by the robbers and went to the archaeologists intact.

In 2014, it opened to visit, but most of the items from the tomb archeologists were taken back in 1922, and now all the items are in the Cairo Museum, the stern of a mummy, which in 2007 decided to return to its place. Read the main article " Tutankhamun's Tomb" .

The famous mask of the pharaoh Tutankhamun is considered one of the most valuable treasures of Egypt, it is depicted on a coin in 1 Egyptian pound, photo of this coin you can see in our article about the money of Egypt .

Tourists are allowed into other tombs, and although there is nothing of objects there, the wall drawings and texts in many burials have been preserved very well and very interesting.

Настенные рисунки в гробнице Нифертари

Not far from the valley of the kings is the valley of the queens, where the wives and children of the pharaohs were buried. There are many more tombs, and they continue to be found. In the valley of the kings there are only 62 burials, there are much more.

The most interesting tomb that is visited during the tour, belongs to Queen Nefertari, the wife of Pharaoh Ramses II. This pair is dedicated to two temples in Abu Simbel, of which our other article tells . Nefertari was very loved by her husband, he dedicated her temples and, of course, she had the most luxurious tomb in the valley of the queens. The photo that you see above in our review is done in her tomb. It is the largest in the valley and with the largest area of ​​drawings, which, to the delight of visiting tourists, have remained magnificently and "in color".

Outwardly, the valley of the queens looks exactly like the valley of the kings. Tombs here, too, were not exhibited at the show, but disguised for the same reasons, they feared robbers. Also in the "city of the dead" are other burials and archaeological excavations are constantly being conducted, but they are extremely interesting for archaeologists, but the ordinary tourist does not cause serious interest.

In addition to the above-mentioned attractions on the west bank of the Nile, tourists are brought to the workshop for the production of items made of onyx and alabaster, in the hope that you will buy something. This is not such a bad idea, the prices there are much lower than for similar products in Russia, but in shops in the city you can find and cheaper.

Мастерская по производству изделий из оникса и алебастра

The next important and interesting landmark in Luxor is already in the "living city" on the east bank of the Nile. This is the temple complex of Karnak, which you can read about in our next article on chinainfoguide.info.

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