The Rhodian fortress is considered the main attraction of the island of Rhodes in Greece. With Russian tourists, it does not cause such an excitement as foreigners. It is very popular due to its convenient location, as it is located in the historical center of the capital of the island of Rhodes.
Visiting the Rhodian Fortress is an opportunity to see the fortifications built during the Byzantine Empire and the rule on the island of knights-Hospitallers, visit several museums and walk along a major shopping street.
It is difficult to say whether an ordinary tourist should look at all the museums, gates and streets. To see all the interesting things in the Rhodes Fortress, you need to devote her all day. We would recommend visiting only the most interesting places, of which we will write below.
A little bit about the history of the Rhodes Fortress
In 1187, for the first time after the Crusades, Jerusalem was taken. This was not yet the end of Christian rule in the Holy Land, but the first step to this. In 1291, the last bastion of the Crusaders fell in Palestine, the city of Acre.
Knights-crusaders had to decide what to do next. The Knights Templars moved to France, and the second-largest Hospitaller Order did not wish to retire far from the Holy Land. After some time of wandering, they captured the island of Rhodes.
After settling on the island, the Hospitallers decided to rebuild the fortifications.
The process was not very active, but in 1312 an important event occurred. The Knights Templar Order was dissolved, its members arrested, and the property was transferred to the Hospitallers Order. This is a "dark" history, connected with the fact that the European monarchies had great debts to the Templars.
This event benefited the Rhodes Fortress, which the knights began to actively rebuild and strengthen. Money for this appeared.
The Rhodian fortress was the last bastion of Christianity in the eastern Mediterranean, and the knights were actively helped by European countries. The Hospitallers successfully withstood the siege by the Sultan of Egypt in 1444, the siege of the Ottoman Empire in 1480, but in 1523 the Turkish Sultan Suleiman I the Magnificent took the fortress.
Suleiman I is well acquainted with Russian tourists. It was he who was married to the famous Roksolana. The popular series "The Magnificent Age" tells about the time of his reign in the Ottoman Empire.
The Knights were able to leave and settled on the island of Malta, and are now known as the Maltese Knights.