Excursion to the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Every guest of the city of Pisa can climb this bell tower. The price of the tour is 18 euros, and there are no children's tickets here. Children under 8 years of age are strictly forbidden to go up here, adolescents under the age of 18 can visit the excursion only accompanied by adults.
Such measures are not accidental, because on all floors of the building there are simply no obstacles (pay attention to the picture on the right), nothing protects visitors from accidental falls. The floor, like the whole structure, is made of marble and it is slippery enough. Guides say that cases of falling tourists in the Leaning Tower of Pisa were.
The ticket for the excursion is sold strictly for a certain period of time, the sightseeing itself takes 30 minutes. If you do not have time at the right time, then you will not be allowed inside, be careful. Moreover, if you come here on your own, the tickets in general may not be available, as the size of the group is limited.
However, we did not hear from any of the travelers that there were no tickets at all. Sometimes, there were no tickets for the next session, and tourists had to wait a little.
Tickets can be bought online, but it's not so easy. The official site http://www.opapisa.it/ does not have a Russian version, but there is a part of the site in English. Even if you know English, you can not buy tickets there. Tickets are sold only on the Italian part of the site. To buy a ticket, on this page - http://boxoffice.opapisa.it/Turisti/ click on the word PURCHASE, which is directly under the British flag. Next, you will need to select a ticket and pay it with a credit card.
The administration warns:
- It is strictly forbidden to bring any bags or other items on the tour. An exception is made only for photos and video cameras. All things can be put in a special wardrobe.
- It is strictly forbidden to walk on the aisles. Although many tourists go.
- It is forbidden to pass under the bells, it is forbidden to beat the bells.
- On the 7th and 8th floors there are still handrails, but you can not stick out for them either.
- People with a fear of heights visit the Tower of Pisa is not recommended.
Also, keep in mind that the tower has a height of more than 50 meters and 296 steps lead upwards. Pass them all have to walk, count your strength.
After entering, you will need to climb the stairs (pictured left), and you will be on the top floor on the viewing platform. You can see the city of Pisa from a height, there you look at the bells, we remind you that it is forbidden to beat them.
Pay attention to one of the bells, he is interesting because by age he is older than the bell tower itself. It is called La Pasquereccia or La Giustizia. They beat him for Easter, and before the installation on the Leaning Tower of Pisa, he served in another bell tower and was beaten to report the execution of criminals.
There are seven bells here, and they form a scale of notes. Theoretically, they could play music, but they do not.
At this tour ends. It's hard to say how much you will get unforgettable impressions from climbing to the very top. In fact, nothing very unusual in the excursion to the Leaning Tower of Pisa, just "tick", which was the most popular attractions in Italy.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa gradually tilted until 2008. In 1964, the government of Italy proposed to completely straighten the structure, but the city authorities categorically refused, since it is the falling tower that attracts tourists.
In 2008, when the angle of inclination reached 5.5 degrees, it was decided to slightly straighten it.
Why the Leaning Tower of Pisa is tilted. And how to correct the slope.
The bell tower project for the Cathedral of Pisa was unsuccessful. The depth of the basement was only three meters, which was clearly not enough for a building with a height of more than 50 meters. The fact that the Leaning Tower of Pisa was noticed almost immediately, but did not pay any serious attention, since the war began.
When in almost 100 years the city authorities returned to construction, the leaning of the Tower of Pisa has already stopped.
This effect is associated with the soil under construction. The ground here is not homogeneous, the earth is denser under the southern side, and the soil under the northern side is slightly muddy. For 100 years, the soil on the south side is slightly compacted, and the fall has stopped. Construction continued, and no one wondered why the Leaning Tower of Pisa is falling.
At the end of the construction the structure was not so strongly inclined.
The slope of the Tower of Pisa grew, but very slowly, and in the 20th century it was already dangerous, it was 5.5 degrees. It was necessary to do something urgently, and in 1990, a complex engineering operation began to smooth out the construction.
This was the second such operation. The first was conducted in the 19th century, when groundwater was removed from the basement, but this did not help.
Immediately it is worth saying that no one has set out to make the belltower completely straight, since it is not interesting to the authorities of the city of Pisa. They need a falling tower, because it attracts tourists.
At first it was required to find out why the Leaning Tower of Pisa was tilted. The reasons were clear, but it was worth making sure for sure. For this, a computer model was built.
The first thing engineers did was to establish a counterweight. From the north side blocks of lead and steel with a total mass of 900 tons were installed. This stopped the leaning of the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Further, it was required to remove a certain amount of soil from the north side of the structure. A total of 108 cubic meters of land were removed.
Of course, no excavators were used. The soil was removed slowly and neatly with the help of special pipes.
In 2001, engineers announced that the Leaning Tower of Pisa had stabilized its inclination, and it would not fall for the next 300 years. Responsible for the project were: Professor of the Polytechnic University of Turin Michel Jamiolkovsky and Professor of the University of Naples Carlo Vigiani.
From this moment, tourists were allowed to enter here, but the restoration did not end.
Repair of cracks and restoration of appearance of a sight began. It lasted 10 years and ended only in 2011.
In the photo to the right, you see special scaffolding, which are installed to protect restorers from falling from the tower. Photo taken in 2009.
We finish this article with the exact characteristics of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, given in the table:
| Weight of the structure: || 14,453 tons |
| Tilt angle: || 3.97 degrees |
| Number of steps: || 396 |
| Height on the north (high) side: || 56.70 meters |
| Height on south (low) side: || 55.86 meters |
| Total Floors: || 8 |
| Diameter of base: || 19.58 meters |
| Wall thickness at the base: || 2.44 meters |
Successful visit to the Leaning Tower of Pisa and read about other sights of Italy in our articles ( links below ).