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Sistine Chapel in the Vatican and frescoes by Michelangelo

Many tourists believe that the Sistine Chapel is such a picture, some think that this is a room in which there is one famous fresco. And only getting inside you can understand all the beauty of this church, in which you can see several dozen of the frescoes of the best masters of the "Renaissance". Right above the altar is the fresco "Last Judgment" by Michelangelo Buonarroti.

The Sistine Chapel is a church, although it looks rather unusual. She is in the Vatican north of St. Peter's. At first glance, it seems that this building is more like a fortress, which is near the truth.

At the end of the 15th century, the political situation around Rome was very tense and many religious buildings were built with the idea of ​​the possibility of using them as defensive structures. This was the Sistine Chapel.

Appearance of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican.

Its name was received on behalf of Pope Sixtus IV, it was he who began its construction. Or rather say perestroika. There was already an even more ancient church and it was simply rebuilt.

This place was important for the life of the Catholic church even before the construction of the Sistine Chapel, the temple was the place of gathering of the cardinals. After the construction of the new building, it was here that the Conclave began to pass. The Conclave is the procedure for choosing a new Pope after the death or retirement of the previous one.

General view inside the Sistine Chapel.

We will not dwell on religion in detail, since it is more interesting for us that what is interesting can be seen inside. Many know only about one famous fresco inside, this is the work of Michelangelo "The Last Judgment." In fact, all the interior of the church is covered with frescoes of Italian masters.

The entire ceiling is decorated with scenes of their dilapidated and new covenant, on the ceiling there are more than 30 frescoes, on the walls you can see 12 surviving drawings, but larger.

The most important fresco is located directly above the altar. This is the "Last Judgment" of the work of Michelangelo. This work appeared here later all already in the 16th century. The master created it from 1535 to 1541. The name "Last Judgment" is in Russian, in English it is called "The Last Judgment", which translates as "The Last Judgment".

This fresco of a huge size of 12 by 13.7 meters depicts the second coming of Christ and his trial of all people. The first order of Pope Clement VII was slightly different. He planned to depict the resurrection of Christ on the altar wall, but they did not have time to start the work, and the pope died, and in his place Pavel III ascended, who took a decision in favor of the plot of the second coming and the great court.

The fresco 'The Last Judgment' of Michelangelo's work is directly above the altar.

Even during the lifetime of Michelangelo, some church leaders frescoed criticism in connection with the depiction of nude nature. The most ardent opponent of the master was Biagio de Chisena, he was the ceremonial master of the court of the Pope.

For active criticism he was awarded a stay in the picture. Pay attention to the bottom right corner of the picture, it is shown in the image of the king of the underworld, but with donkey ears (photo of this part of the picture on the right). Ears of course, a hint at not very high intellectual abilities Biagio de Chisena.

The ceremony master turned to Pope Paul III with the request to remove the image of his face from the fresco, but there was no desire to interfere in Michelangelo's work with the Pope. He replied that since the image of De Chisena's face is in the realm of hell, it is not in his power.

However, after the death of the artist, the fresco was finished. Some moments, which church leaders considered too obscene, were sketched.

The face of the ceremonial master of the pope with donkey ears.

After viewing the "Last Judgment", we recommend that you pay attention to the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. On it you will see 33 murals of a small size (small in relation to the "Last Judgment"). All of them depict biblical subjects, some will be easy to learn, some more difficult. For example, you can easily recognize the scene with the expulsion of Adam and Eve from paradise, there is a tree and a serpent on it.

Many tourists simply do not notice the ceiling, but if you lift your head up, you will probably get the strongest impressions of visiting the Sistine Chapel.

The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, on it 33 frescos of different artists.

Pay attention to the windows, now they are always closed to prevent air from entering the room. After the last restoration of the frescoes, which ended in 1994, an air conditioning system was installed inside, and the windows were closed. Air gets inside only through a system of filters that remove bacteria and dust.

In summer, during the hottest time, it maintains a temperature of 20 degrees, in winter the room warms up to 25 degrees. It will be a pleasant surprise for you during the excursion, to cool in the summer or warm up in the winter.

On the walls of the Sistine Chapel there are 12 frescos, 6 on each side. Half of them depict scenes from the Old Testament, the history of Moses, the second six narrate about Jesus Christ and depict scenes from the New Testament.

The last picture on the north wall is The Last Supper. Of course, this is not the famous fresco by Leonardo da Vinci, which you can see in Milan, about which we wrote a separate review . This picture of the work of Kasimo Rosselli. (pictured right)

The fresco 'The Last Supper', but not the famous work of Leonardo, but the other.

The fresco from the south wall, which shows the passage of Moses through the Red Sea, seemed to us the most interesting, when the waters parted and the Jews could pass, and when the army of Egypt entered the passage, the sea swallowed them.

This work is interesting also because its author is not exactly established. They were either Cosimo Rosselli or Domenico Ghirlandaio or Biagio de Antonio.

Fresco 'Crossing the Red Sea', the author is not exactly established.

Photos of the remaining frescos in the Sistine Chapel, we will not give, but we will imagine you the opportunity to see everything yourself. Good luck visiting the Vatican, read our other reviews about the sights of Italy ( links below ).

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