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Which country in Nepal: description, information and interesting facts

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Nepal is an original and amazing country that was opened to foreigners only in 1951. Until 2007, the country had absolute monarchy rules, which is rare for modern states.

Much of Nepal is occupied by mountains where there are no highways. In the whole country there is only one railway. It's no wonder that Nepal has become the center of mountain tourism, but everything is about the order.

Nepal is the most mountainous country in the world

Almost half of the territory is covered with mountains. 8 of the 10 highest mountains in the world are located here. Do not think that the mountains are uninhabited. Of course, the population density in the mountainous areas is not high, but people live here and are quite happy. Such pictures of mountain settlements (pictured right) are not uncommon. Click on the photo to see it in large size.

Nepal is the absolute record for the difference in heights within its territory. The lowest point is at an altitude of 59 meters, and the highest is Mount Everest at a height of 8,848 meters.

From a climate point of view, Nepal is divided into three large areas.

The first is on the borders with India and is called "terai". Height above sea level here does not exceed 500 meters. This is the most fertile and densely populated region of the country in which agriculture and cattle breeding are developed. You can say that therays feed the whole country.

The second area is hilly. The main place in this area is the Kathmandu Valley. The large cities of Kathmandu and Pokhara are located exactly in this zone.

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The third region, occupying half of the country, is covered with mountains and is poorly populated. But it is she who brings the greatest profit to the country. The authorities collect considerable funds for permission to climb a mountain for climbers and even for simple hikers (trekking or trekking) to visit certain areas of the country.

Economy and way of life of Nepalese

In general, the country's economy is weak and Nepal is a very poor country. You will feel it right away when you rent a hotel room or go to a cafe and order a Momo dumplings for 20 Nepalese rupees or a traditional Dal Bhat dish for Rs 15. Prices are simply "ridiculous" in all cases. To understand how much this is in rubles, read our article about money in Nepal .

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Do not think that Nepalese are lazy and do not want to work. On the contrary, industrious people live in Nepal. Just they were not lucky with the geographical position.

- Nepal lacks natural resources, the Himalayas are considered "empty"

- there is no abundance of fertile soils, except for small areas of "terai"

- Nepal has no access to the sea and in the field of foreign trade is completely dependent on neighboring India

In addition, the country entered international relations very late, as we mentioned in 1951, and the country's leadership later realized its complete backwardness.

Of course, Nepalese do not despair and develop their territory at a rapid pace. The growth of the country's economy in recent years is 4-6%. Such figures can not boast either the countries of Europe, nor the United States, nor Russia. Only the Chinese have large numbers.

In Nepal, well-developed agriculture. Even in the mountains, summer pastures are used for pasturing cattle, yaks are planted here (pictured right) and mountain goats, rice is grown on terraced fields.

7 out of 10 people in the country are engaged in agriculture. This is due to the lack of technology in Nepalese fields, since in most cases it simply can not be used. Manual labor prevails here, and this is a forced measure, in another way it does not work out.

Lately, light industry has started to flourish in Nepal, the country annually exports more carpets, clothes and expensive fabrics - cashmere and pashmina (we wrote about them in this article about what you can bring from Nepal ).

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Fabrics and clothing are very popular in Europe, which buys up to half of this production from Nepal. Export of clothing is interesting for Nepal in the first place because this product is cost-effective to transport by air. For example, grain or rice is unprofitable to carry by air, the cost of delivery is comparable with the value of the goods.

The second important source of income for Nepal is tourism, which every year more and more replenishes the Nepalese treasury.

Tourism and transport

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The first important area of ​​tourism in Nepal is connected with its peaks. This is mountaineering. Thousands of climbers come here every year to conquer this or that mountain. In the photo on the left, the team of our partner Adventure Outdoor at the top of the highest mountain of the world - Everest (Jomolungma).

For each climb, you need to get permission from the authorities for a fee. Money is charged before the start of the climb in case the climber does not return. Conquest of peaks is dangerous, for example, in the photo you see that all members of the expedition wear oxygen masks. We wrote about all the dangers, difficulties and prices for climbing Everest in this article .

The second important component of Nepal's tourism industry is trekking (or hiking) to the mountains. There are a lot of national parks in the country with a unique nature, for which these trips are arranged.

The most popular trekking passes around the Annapurna mountain range, it is called "Track around Annapurna" . Also, tourists are popular hikes "Look at Everest" and "To base camp Everest . " The number of routes can not be calculated, and travel companies even arrange individual routes.

Another very large area is a pilgrimage to Hindu and Buddhist shrines, which in Nepal is very much. However, this part of the travel industry has almost no relation to the Russians, as we have few Buddhists, and even fewer Hindus.

However, while visiting the sights of Nepal you will be able to see these pilgrims and understand how much there are, much more than tourists. In the photo on the right is the "eyes of Buddha" on the tower of Buddhist stupa Budnath in Kathmandu.

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And since we started our conversation about the temples, we will continue the story about another area of ​​the country's tourism industry - excursion tourism. In Nepal, there is something to see. The Budnath and Swayambhunath Stupa in Kathmandu, Hindu temples all over the country, including the sacred Pashupatanah, the famous Durbar Square, which is three. The most visited by tourists Durbar Square is in Kathmandu .

In order to popularize tourism , Nepal visas are issued directly at airports and at land checkpoints of the country. This practice applies to citizens of almost all countries.

And, of course, people come to Nepal to see the color of this country, to understand that in the world there are places where people live quite differently, without sharing the values ​​of "big" civilizations. In addition, Nepal is a country of many nationalities, languages, cultures and religions, it is even difficult to understand how all this diversity could be placed on such a small territory.

Religions, languages ​​and peoples of Nepal

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In Nepal, there are 6 large ethnic groups with more than 1 million people, and there are about 100 of them. For such a small territory, this is a very high density, but they all manage to live in peace and tranquility.

Some peoples still maintain a division into castes, which plagues many Europeans. Especially it is expressed in the people of Khas. People of this nationality do not even call themselves that, but call their group on the name of the caste: Chhetri, Brahman, Kari, Thakuri or Sarki.

Modern Nepali language is the language of the Khas people, and they themselves are the largest numerous people in the country.

Of the interesting nationalities of Nepal is worth mentioning Sherpa and Gurungov. The first became famous for their ability to tolerate high mountain conditions, they serve as guides for climbers. All records for the number of ascents to Everest belong to the Sherpa conductors.

Of the people of the Gurings, volunteers are recruited in the armies of Great Britain and India. These are the famous Gurkhas.

The variety of languages ​​in Nepal is not less than the people. Only for half of Nepalese official language (Nepali or "Nepali") is native. Different nations have their own languages, but there are several hundred in the country.

Many tourists, even having visited Nepal, believe that this is a country of Buddhism. This impression is formed for several reasons. First, all travelers are shown Buddhist stupas in Kathmandu, and secondly, trekking takes place in mountainous areas, where Buddhism is more common and many monasteries.

In fact, Buddhists in the country about 10%, and the dominant religion is Hinduism. However, in Nepal the difference is not so great. Local adaptations of Buddhism and Hinduism have many similarities.

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About 4% of the population profess Islam, but they live far from big cities, and you probably will not see mosques during the trip.

Political situation in Nepal

Even before 2008, Nepal was one of four countries in the world with a form of government in the form of an absolute monarchy. Since 2008, these countries have only three, and in Nepal, the overthrow of the king. This story is very complicated, let's try to tell it briefly.

Political movements against the royal power began to flourish in the 90's. Objectively, the monarchy hindered the development of the country, and many were dissatisfied with it.

In 2001 a very strange event happened. Crown Prince Dipendra killed his father, his mother and seven other members of the royal family, and then committed suicide. In this story, almost no one in Nepal does not believe.

On the throne ascended Gyanendra, the brother of the murdered king. He did not enjoy the respect of the people, as he was suspected of organizing events with the murder of the royal family. This was already the agony of the monarchy in Nepal.

In 2007, he was overthrown by the opposition. Nepal has become a democratic republic. No major changes have taken place, only small changes in the past. In the country released a little new money , a little changed the coat of arms, but not the flag .

Now the political situation in the country is calm, and civil war is long gone. Nepal is a safe country.

We have told all the most important about the country Nepal. Read our other articles about this country ( links below ).

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Read about Nepal on our website.


Information about the country Nepal

Nepal visa: documents, prices, application form

What money in Nepal - Nepalese rupee

National flag and coat of arms of Nepal

How to fly to Nepal from Moscow

What can you bring from Nepal

What to bring to Nepal

What are the electrical outlets in Nepal?


Tours in Nepal - detailed descriptions


Dahl Dal Bat, which is eaten every day

Nepalese dumplings 'momo'


Climbing Mount Everest for tourists

Trekking "A Look at Everest"

Trekking "To the base camp of Everest"

Trekking "Around Annapurna"

Trekking "To Annapurna Base Camp"


Durbar Square in Kathmandu

Buddhist stupa of Bodnath in Kathmandu

Overview of visiting the Swayambhunath Stupa

Mysticism, aliens and Swayambhunath

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