Pisa Cathedral: photo and description of the excursion


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From the conversation guide and tourists after their arrival in the city of Pisa:
Guide: We are in a place called the "Field of Miracles".
Tourist-joker: What is this "Field of Miracles"? No drum, no Yakubovich.

Pisa Cathedral is very interesting as a visual demonstration of the greatness of the Italian city-republics. The construction began in 1063, and already in the 11th century the Italians could afford to erect such majestic structures. Many major European powers were not available at that time.

The Pisa Cathedral, the Leaning Tower of Pisa , the Baptistery and the Monumental Cemetery really form an area that is called the "Field of Miracles". The translation is not quite correct, "Piazza dei Miracoli" is rather translated as "Square of Miracles".

The falling Leaning Tower of Pisa is just the bell tower of the cathedral. Although in itself it is more famous for tilting, the central building of this architectural complex is the cathedral.

Even after coming to this place you will understand that the falling tower looks rather faded compared to the cathedral and the Baptistery. These structures are much more grand, and the Baptistery is even higher than the Leaning Tower of Pisa. In the photo on the right you see the cathedral, you can see the tower on the right.

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From a financial point of view, visiting the Cathedral of Pisa and all other attractions (except the tower) is more profitable. The ticket for all interesting places costs 8 euros, while climbing the Leaning Tower costs 18 euros.

Moreover, it is also much more interesting. Pisa Cathedral makes an indelible impression, especially from the inside. The monumental cemetery is full of sarcophagi, including those belonging to the era of the Roman Empire. In the cemetery you can see the very interesting fresco "The Triumph of Death". We will talk about everything in order.

First of all, it is worth visiting the building of the Pisa Cathedral. It began to be built in the 11th century, when the Italian city-republics reached the peak of their power.

Pisa, Venice, Genoa and Florence controlled trade throughout the Mediterranean, and were extremely rich. Their armies were the most advanced in Europe, remember at least the famous Genoese crossbowmen. And they would remain so strong if they did not actively fight each other.

In Venice, the construction of a grand cathedral in honor of St. Mark began, and the Pisans decided to keep up and in 1063 began a large construction project. The building was erected by 1092. And only 55 years after the construction began, the temple was consecrated by the Pope himself. For that time it was a very fast pace of construction, given the large size of the building. The cathedral is dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Outside, the Pisa Cathedral makes a strong impression. It has a size of 96 meters in length, which can be commensurate with the size of a football field. The height of the main building is 28 meters, which is approximately equal to the height of the 9-storey building.

First of all, it is worth paying attention to the three mosaics with which the main entrance is decorated. Below you will find a small gallery of photos of these mosaics.

Click on the photo to enlarge.

The most indelible impressions you get inside. Like most cathedrals of Romanesque and Gothic styles, the Pisa Temple is a single huge room inside.

In the photo on the right you can see the figures of people and understand how high the ceiling is here. Its height exceeds 20 meters. Catholic cathedrals primarily served to impress and forever "knock out" the visitor any doubts about the existence of God.

It is an active temple, and masses are held here. At the moment when the services are not held, the entrance for tourists is free, regardless of religion.

Most of the frescoes and paintings preserved from the 11th to 13th centuries, this is, first and foremost, interesting interior decoration of the Pisa Cathedral. Already later, the style of fine art and sculpture in Catholic churches began to change, and the decoration of the Pisa Cathedral still very much resembles Byzantium. The Pizans had established trade ties with the Byzantine Empire, many masters were trained in Constantinople.

On the walls of the temple, a lot of works of fine art, the most interesting of them we present to you in a small photo gallery.

Click on the photo to enlarge.

The ceiling painting is perfectly preserved, below you will find another small collection of photos.

Click on the photo to enlarge.

To make a general impression of the interior of the cathedral itself will help another collection of images below.

Click on the photo to enlarge.

Separately it is necessary to tell about one subject inside. It is the chair of the work of the famous Italian sculptor Giovanni Pisano , made by him from marble in the 13th century. On the perimeter, the artist painted 9 scenes from the New Testament, which are separated from each other by the figures of the apostles.

You can see the chair in the photo on the left. For those readers who do not know well what kind of structure it is and what it was intended for, we will explain.

In this case, the chair is called some elevation, which was spoken by an orator or preacher. Such designs are in most Catholic cathedrals. Actually, this is what the name "cathedral" came from. The chairs have always been given special attention, as the beauty and rich appearance of the structure gave more weight to the serving clergyman.

This tribune was intended for Archbishop Pisa, who is the head of the archdiocese. The Archdiocese of Pisa controls all the parishes of the Tuscany region in Italy.

The most interesting thing about the department is to examine the biblical scenes skillfully made of marble. You can spend an hour doing this.

Another notable feature of the faculty of Giovanni Pisano is that it was lost during the works on the restoration of the Pisa Cathedral after the fire. And they found it anew, not long ago, it was in 1926. Tourists find it difficult to understand how such a large structure can be lost, but this is not surprising. The chair was simply dismantled, and so she lay for more than 300 years.

The second interesting building on the "Square of Miracles" is the Baptistery . The first questions that all tourists ask: "What kind of building is this? What is it for? ", And, perhaps, we will answer them.

This building in Russian could be called "baptismal." Some of the richest temples could afford to build a separate building for the rite of baptism. Of course, in the 11th century the Pisans were rich enough for this. Even the whole complex they built outside the city walls to show confidence in their safety.

The Baptistery is dedicated to St. John the Baptist. It was built later, in 1153. It is higher than the temple itself and can compete on a vertical scale with the Leaning Tower of Pisa, which is nearby. The facade of the building is made by the already mentioned Italian sculptor Giovanni Pisano.

First of all, this building is interesting because any words spoken in any place can be heard anywhere in the room. The sound changes, and after reflection from the walls it acquires a hint of organ sound.

Sculptures inside are very beautiful and we suggest you look at the small photo gallery below.

Click on the photo to enlarge.

On the stairs you can go up to the second floor and look at the Baptistery from above. The main thing, be more careful on the second floor, as the railings are not very high and do not look particularly strong. From the top opens an interesting view of the place of the ritual.

It is on the second floor that the effect of "organ reflection" is manifested most clearly. Fortunately, during our visit to Pisa's sights, all the tourists were quiet enough, and each traveler had the opportunity to check out this physical phenomenon.

The third interesting place on the "Square of Miracles" is a monumental cemetery .

It does not look like a modern burial place, as it is inside the building. The building is quite impressive in size. A view from the inside you can see on the photo below.

Here are the sarcophagi with the deceased. Some very ancient, from the times of the Roman Empire and the Roman Republic , there are also modern ones. We can say that this is an elite burial place.

The land for the cemetery was brought here directly from Jerusalem, when it was taken out from there during the third crusade. After that, there was no such opportunity.

Some of the most interesting sarcophagi you can see in the small photo gallery below.

Click on the photo to enlarge.

During the Second World War, bloody battles were fought around the city of Pisa. On the Pisa Tower, the Germans had a observation post, but the Allies did not dare to shoot at it.

The monumental cemetery was much less fortunate. The wooden roof caught fire after the air bomb hit and almost completely collapsed, damaging many objects inside. The most interesting work of art suffered, which you can see here. This is a fresco "The Triumph of Death."

The most famous part of it is called "The Head of the Devil", and you can see it in a small gallery of photos of parts of this work, which you will find below.

Click on the photo to enlarge.

The price for visiting and availability of tickets to the Pisa Cathedral.

Tickets can be bought in advance on the site, but this makes no sense. If you want to climb the Leaning Tower of Pisa, then buying tickets through the Internet makes sense, since the number of tourists in the group is limited, and tickets at the right time at the ticket office may simply not be.

Tickets to the cathedral are always, and the price when you buy at the checkout and on the site is the same - it's 8 euros, you will not save anything. It is better to buy a full ticket, which allows you to see: Pisa Cathedral, Baptistery, Monumental Cemetery and Sinopias Museum, it costs 8 euros.

Have a nice visit to Pisa and read our reviews about Italy ( links below ).



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