We also meet in the Bible about the Cappadocians who were once present at the Cathedral, on which the Holy Spirit unexpectedly descended upon the apostles. In the First Epistle of St. Petra also mentioned the country of Cappadocia (Ch. 1, st.1).
In the 5 thousand years. BC. the historical past of Cappadocia begins. Hittites, Medes, Persians, Romans and Ottomans ruled here at the time. In 350 BC. Ariarat II founded the kingdom of Cappadocia. In 17 years the country was conquered by Alexander the Great. In 302 BC. Ariarat II defeats Amintu, expels the Greeks, restores his power. Kingdoms division occurred before 255 BC. Ariary III. In the 3rd century BC. the country was divided into 10 small provinces.
More than once Cappadocia became a field for battles in numerous wars. In 193, Ariarat III fought against the Romans. The truce with them occurred in 189-187 BC. e.
Demetrius expels Ariarat from the kingdom, but in 160-153 by decree of the Senate he returns to the throne. Ariarata IV on the throne is replaced by Pontus.
A bloody inhuman event occurred during the rule of Laodike, the widow of Ariarat V: she killed five sons in order to remain on the throne. In 130-129 the country was in charge of the power, transferring power to the sixth son - Ariarat VI.
The sale of slaves in Cappadocia was one of the main sources of income. The kings of Bithynia and Cappadocia supplied slaves to the market of the island of Delos, from where the slaves went to Rome.
In the year 93 BC. e. Armenians conquered Cappadocia. In 17 AD. The Roman Empire made it its province. The Seljuks came to the country in 1087. To the Ottoman Empire, Cappadocia was annexed in 1515.
In 400 years, the Armenian population is being destroyed. In 1923 the Greeks were deported from the country. The structure of the Turkish Republic of Cappadocia enters in 1919, the official accession took place in 1923.
At the moment the district is divided between the provinces Nevsehir, Aksaray, Kayseri, Nigde.
Fantastic valleys, mysterious caves, underground cities
Bypassing the sights of Cappadocia in a reasonable time is not possible: tourists are offered a trip on scooters or in a hot air balloon. The territory is large, the terrain is hilly and is not suitable for hiking (you will understand what is at stake, seeing everything with your own eyes). Let's say some of the most famous places in Cappadocia.
Valley Derwent. The imagination of the person standing in front of her will paint the silhouettes of animals and objects that somehow appeared here.
Valley of love. Unusual mountains, strange cones, erotic (according to the locals) poles, mushrooms with hats. This valley is also called "Land of the Moon Landscapes", "Lost World".
The Cappadocia Valley. It is about 70 million years old, the frozen eruption of volcanoes with deep cracks, lava with geological rocks. Unusual rocks are real works of art of nature, formed as a result of weathering of volcanic rocks.
Valley of pigeons. The length of about 4 km, it is located between Goreme and Uhchasar (the highest point of Cappadocia). Fertile soils were not enough, and the population decided to receive fertilizer from pigeons and bred them here in the rocks. Special minerals attracted birds, so the valley is strewn with windows-nests.
Cities in the rock are another creation of nature in tandem with man. The most famous is the city of Chavushin. In ancient times, runaway Christians lived here, then the Turks drove them away and lived here until the earthquake of 1953. The place became the center of pilgrimage: the cave church of St. John the Baptist (5th century AD). The cemetery of Chavushin also strikes: many were in 100 years. In Cappadocia, about 50 underground cities.