Schliemann should share the treasure with the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul. However, the archaeologist secretly takes the treasure to Greece. Unsuccessful attempts to sell artifacts to one of the world's museums lead to Schliemann's transfer of treasures as a gift to Berlin in exchange for his honorable citizenship in the city. After the end of World War II, as a trophy, they find themselves in the USSR, for a long time stay in the cellars, and then in the 90s of the last century are transported to the Pushkin Museum. A.S. Pushkin.
To date, research scientists on Gissarlyk found traces of 9 fortress settlements of different eras. So far, 9 layers of Troy have been found:
Troy 0 or Kumtepe - Neolithic settlement.
The settlement of Troy I occupied a territory of 100 m in diameter and existed from 3000 to 2600 years. BC. There was also a fortress with walls, and gates, and towers of rough stone. The fire destroyed everything, having captured also buildings from clay bricks.
In Troy II, which existed from 2600 to 2300 BC, Schliemann found the "Trojan treasure" ("The Cloak of Priam", although scientists have proved that Schliemann's discovery is a thousand years older than the events described by Homer): weapons, parts ornaments, fragments of articles made of gold, copper, and grave-plates of prehistoric and early historical epochs. The fire also took this part of Troy, whose inhabitants were actively engaged in trade.
The next three layers, Troy III-IV-V, spoke of the decline of the city from 2300 to 1900 with their finds. BC.
The sixth Troy, which existed from 1900 to 1300. BC, occupied a territory of 200 meters in diameter and represented a royal palace-citadel. Fortress walls had a thickness of 4-5 meters. The earthquake contributed to the destruction of the policy in 1300 BC.
The Trojan War was held in Troy VII-A. It is this city, dating from 1300 - 1200 years. BC, plundered and destroyed by the Athenians.
The half-ruined Troy VII-B, which existed from 1200 to 900 gg. BC. was occupied by the Phrygians.
The Aleanic Greeks inhabited Troy VIII, (900-350 BC) Over a thousand head of cattle are sacrificed here by King Xerxes.
Troy IX was a large city from 350 BC. up to 400 AD. The temple of Athena, a sanctuary for sacrifices, is being built. Julius Caesar after coming to Troy in 48 BC. orders to expand the temple of Athena. When Augustus erected a council room (bowltertery), an odeon for musical performances.
The question of the language of the Trojans caused a lot of controversy among scientists: among others, the Phrygians, the Etruscan language, the Cretan letter were called. Already in the 21st century, scientists are inclined to assert that the official language in Troy was the Luvian language, this is confirmed by the discovery in the layer of the seventh Troy in 1995 of the seal with hieroglyphics of the Luvians.
The state of the Trojans was multinational: the Trojan War contributed to the migration of the population.
The ruins of Troy are located on 165 sq.m, which is 10 times less, according to scientists, the city itself.
The historical park is still in the excavation stage: on the territory you can see "homeless" columns of marble, other fragments of ancient buildings.