Population and citizens of UAE
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In this article we will talk about people who live and work in the Arab Emirates. About those with whom you will necessarily have to communicate on vacation, because they are behind the reception desk in hotels, drive tourist buses and taxis, conduct excursions.
Define the concepts
Before discussing in detail the population of the Arab Emirates, it is necessary to decide who we mean by the word "population"? We will only have in mind the citizens of the country or will we consider the migrant workers as well?
When official sources publish statistics, then all people are taken into account: citizens, workers on labor visas and citizens of other countries who are on permanent residence. We will stick to this idea.
So, how many people live in the UAE?
The last official census took place in 2005. The population in the UAE is growing very fast due to a new labor force from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and other countries.
Then in 2005, 4.1 million people counted. After the census, the UN made a forecast for 2010 - 7.2 million. This article is published in 2017, now an approximate estimate is 9.2 million. We would like to draw your attention to the fact that these and subsequent figures are only a rough estimate, not official statistics.
The most populated Emirate is Dubai, where about 3 million people live. The population is distributed approximately like this:
Dubai - 3 000 000
Abu Dhabi - 2,500,000
Sharjah - 1,300,000
Ajman - 350,000
Ras Al Khaimah - 350,000
Fujairah - 200,000
Umm al-Kayvain - 75,000
An interesting fact is that ethnic Arabs and citizens of the UAE are by no means the most numerous ethnic group in the country. Most of all in the country lives Indians - from 2,5 to 3 million people, in second place Pakistanis - from 1,2 to 1,5 million.
Citizens only in third place - their 1,084,764 people (information for 2015). Attentive readers have noticed that the number of citizens is counted with an accuracy of one person, and data on visitors are approximate. And indeed, citizens in the UAE under strict consideration, and no one believes visitors.
The fourth place is occupied by visitors from Bangladesh - from 700 thousand to 1 million, then Filipinos - 500-700 thousand, Iranians and Egyptians - 400-500 thousand, Nepalese and Sri Lankans - 400-500 thousand.
The UAE has about 250,000 Russians and natives of the former Soviet republics. Considering that about 400,000 Russians come to the Arab Emirates every year, our citizens are in demand in the tourism industry.
Do not be surprised when the receptionist hotel does not see the Arab, citizens do not work in such small positions. Citizens work in the sphere of government - in banks, police, customs and other state structures.
Arrangers, in most cases, are engaged in low-paid work. Exceptions are invited managers and employees from Europe. Such a heterogeneous ethnic composition makes the demographic statistics in the UAE very interesting.
Features of population composition
In the UAE, men are 2.15 times more than women. It is for this reason that women are not advised to travel to the UAE to rest alone. Imagine for a moment the gigantic sexual dissatisfaction of local men. We are not talking about citizens, but about visiting workers. Despite strict sharia norms, there is prostitution in the UAE. The authorities know about this, but do not particularly zealous in the fight against this phenomenon.
Cases of sexual violence occur often, but there are very few criminal cases in these cases. The reason is the technology to handle such cases in the police. If a woman claims to be raped, evidence is required to initiate a case - beatings. If there are no beatings, then rape is not fixed.
Further the criminal case is started, but already under other article "Sexual relations outside marriage". For this crime, they are already imprisoned for both participants of the incident, the average prison term for this article is 2 years. Read our article " What tourists can not do in the UAE ."
Thanks to visitors, the country's population is very young - 55% of the population are people from 20 to 40 years. It's natural, because young people are invited to work, the old man will not be invited to work for the construction site.
The birth rate is much higher than the death rate. According to the latest statistics for 2011, 84 000 people were born, only 7 350 died. It is logical that workers are invited to work in the country at a young age, with good health and minimal risks of death.
Life expectancy is high: 77.5 years for men, 80.2 years for women. For comparison, in Russia the life expectancy in men is 58.6 years, for women 74 years.
Communicate with tourists are with the Indians, Iranians and other visitors. Let's talk about them in more detail.
Visiting workers in the UAE
They fall into three categories - illegal, "domestic workers" and workers in the "Kafala Sponsorship System" system.
There are not many illegal immigrants here, the authorities very actively and successfully catch them. According to official data, there are about 65,000 illegal immigrants in the country. Unofficial figures reach 135,000. These are people who came on tourist visas and stayed here to work. They work, of course, illegally.
"Home workers" are in the country on a working visa. Their position is much better than that of workers on the Kafala system. They can change the employer, their rights are better protected, they are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
The Kafala system has been operating in the UAE since 1971. Companies-employers invite workers from abroad, conclude contracts and bring workers to the country. From the moment the employee enters the UAE, he is under the employer's responsibility. Most often, he can not change the employer, he can not even break the contract and go home.
These workers are in a worse situation, they are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Labor. Workers in the Kafala system are not protected by labor law.
International organizations condemn the UAE for the terrible working and living conditions of workers (in the photo above, click on the photo to enlarge). Indeed, the working day is not standardized, workers live in small rooms, often without air conditioning, wages are small. Work often is in the open air, which is difficult in severe weather conditions in the UAE .
On average, a worker with low qualifications receives about 19,000 dirhams per year in the UAE (see our article " Currency of the UAE "), this is approximately $ 430-450 per month. For a citizen of the UAE, such a salary would be insulting, for the Indians and Pakistanis it is a very big money.
In 2012, the authorities carried out labor law reforms. In particular, they forbade employers to take their passports from workers! That is, until 2012, to take the passport from the employee was perfectly legal! Since 2012, the employer's responsibility for non-payment of wages has appeared, until this moment there was no such responsibility at all.
Workers occasionally arrange riots of protest. For example, on March 21, 2006, a mutiny broke out on the construction site of the famous Burj Khalifa tower. Workers began to destroy cars and offices. Naturally, the mutiny was suppressed by the police, all the participants were deported and closed the entrance to the country forever.
The life of visiting workers is quite heavy, citizens live much better.
Citizens of the UAE
The UAE citizens themselves call themselves either Emirates, or Bani Yasi, or Suwaydi, or Al-Shamsi, depends on the origin of a person from a particular tribe. Europeans used to call them Trushals or Trushal Koasters in the name of the region Trushal Koast, from English "Contractual shore".
Most citizens work, only 10% of citizens are unemployed. The state adheres to the policy of Emiratization. Its essence is in the privileged provision of jobs to citizens. That is, a foreign worker takes a place only if there are no willing citizens. And even the employer is obliged to accept the citizen to the post at his desire, and for a large salary. Such a policy in the UAE is quite official, and nothing bad is seen in this.
Some of our tourists jokingly say that the citizens of the emirates "zazhralis" and do not even suspect how close to the truth. In the list of the most "thick" countries of the world, the UAE is on the 4th place, having passed only Qatar, Kuwait and the USA. Please note that the first two countries are also located in the Persian Gulf. A little more, and the UAE will overtake the US and the Arabs of the Persian Gulf will occupy the entire pedestal. By the way, on the 5th and 6th places there are two more countries of the Persian Gulf - Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.
More than a third of UAE citizens are obese. But unlike the United States, here excess weight is more common in women. More than half of women in the United Arab Emirates are obese. When you walk around the tourist places, you will notice.
The causes of the problem of excess weight lie in the culture of the Arabs. The era of oil revenues in the history of the UAE began relatively recently. Up to this point, the Arabs were poor, there was not enough food. Fullness was considered a sign of wealth and power. And till now they relate to excess weight more positively, hence the problem of national scale.
Citizens enjoy many privileges, most of them in matters of education. From 20 to 25% of the country's budget is spent for educational purposes. In addition, there are payments, grants and interest-free loans to citizens. Simply put, citizens in the UAE live well, they are not found in the Dubai subway , all cars.
It is very difficult to become a citizen. This requires 40 years to live and work in the UAE.
Have a successful holiday in the United Arab Emirates, and read our interesting articles about this country ( links below ).
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Read about the UAE on our website